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    Posted: 27 Feb 2017 at 3:24am
Oil painting belongs to the visual art, constitute the most basic visual elements of oil painting works, lines, light and shade, texture, space and color. A successful oil painting relies on the artist's overall grasp and skillful use of the most basic visual elements that make up the oil painting. The distinctive oil paintings are the use of certain elements of the basic elements, thus forming a unique personal style of many oil painters.
Shape is the most basic element of oil painting, which contains both shape and volume. The shape refers to the spatial characteristics of the object, and the volume refers to the three-dimensional form of the object. In the description of objective objects, the body has a strong performance, requires the painter good at grasping the shape and characteristics of the image, the object has a keen visual response ability and profound ability to express and discover hidden in the depths of the performance value And aesthetic meaning.
Lines are the main means of oil painting, human beings first depict the natural image is from the beginning of the line. It is an irreplaceable visual element in the art of painting, and the vagaries of the lines reflect the artist's emotional experience of life. Vertical lines of solemnity, noble, there is a sense of eternity; horizontal to bring people calm, tranquility, distance and even death of the emotions; slash full of tension, movement, anxiety and danger; curve is elegant, tenderness, romantic emotions; Cross lines quiet and solemn; irregular lines bitter sad, restless.
Dark and white, white, gray three tone, it is also the most basic means of expression of painting. Rich and shiny colors to the object's shape, space and texture vividly demonstrated. From the careful characterization to a strong contrast, bright and dark colors to create a rich visual picture. Bright colors are peaceful and hearty, dark colors are heavy and mysterious. Black and white intertwined reflect the painter's subjective emotional world.
Texture in the realistic oil painting, is a very important performance elements, it can give people in the senses to meet and pleasure, can make people have the desire to touch. It is because the texture can produce a strong stimulus to the vision, which causes people to excitement and impulse, so realistic painting has been favored by the world. In the modern painting art, the concept of texture has undergone great changes, not only the realistic description of the image, but also the different performance of the material itself. The visual and fun of the picture enriched the visual language and enhances the spirit of the picture itself.
Space is the visual depth created by the art of painting on a two-dimensional picture. The picture space is not the real space, is the imitation of the real space, is the painter to use lines, shades, color created out of the illusory space, is the human visual emotions generated in the distance of space. Size, height, the actual situation, cold and warm people can have a sense of space. In modern painting, the painter used more color to create the picture space.
Color and shade are inseparable, the relationship between light and dark is reflected by the color brightness. Color can not only consider the color of light and shade, colorful world is composed of color, color is life. However, visual perception of color varies from person to person. On the one hand, the color of the color of the blind, on the other hand, the subjective feelings can directly affect the visual hue, the sensitivity of warmth, and the likes and dislikes of different colors. The subjective color forms the painter's own different color faces.

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